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Clinical Interview is the direct purposeful and meaningful conversation between a client and a therapist (Bingham and Moore, 1924). Interview provide us the basis for the assessment and psychotherapies. Clinical interviews are assessment oriented which occur when a patient contact with the clinic. The interview is the major vehicle for exploring the conscious concern, feelings and problems of the substance abusers as they experience them. Clinical interview helps a clinician to understand the exact nature of the problem and leads to plan further therapeutic intervention. Understanding the client’s problem and efforts to solve them are two interlocking phases of a continuous process. It requires collaboration of therapist and client which can be achieved after interviewing a person suffering with any kind of disorder.
In order to assess a substance abuser in a traditional way Nishan Rehab International uses Intake interview, diagnostic interview, social-history interview and psychological testing. According to the findings of these interviews and assessment a therapeutic plan is designed. Clinical Interviews are based upon questions which are used to probe the client. There should be open ended questions which help a clinician to probe about the client. There are some purposes of taking this interview.
- To establish the interpersonal relationship (rapport, trust etc.) which is necessary for further clinical intervention and therapeutic plan.
- To gain information about the client and to get knowledge of the problem. It basically lead for the proper assessment.
- To give information about the working of the rehabilitation, possible future programs, conditions of therapy, charges etc.
- Bolstering the patient’s condition to resolve and improve the things.