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In order to solve any problem it is necessary for human beings to diagnose it correctly. Whether we are considering a TV remote or a heavy machine. Human beings are the complex machines, in order to deal with such human beings a perfect diagnoses will direct us for the best results. A person in distress or suffering from any disorder cannot be managed without the knowledge and causes of disorder. Diagnoses always require some tools. A person who is lacking information and tools will not be able to diagnose and manage the person. In clinical assessment we basically get information about the client. According to Sheldon there are four ways through which we can get information about our client. (1). Ask the person himself. (2). Ask someone who knows the person. (3). Observe the person as he behaves naturally. (4). Observe the person in standardized test situation. Two standardized ways of assessment are as follow.
- Formal assessment: Systematic and pre-planned methods for testing a client suffering from substance abuse disorder. There are some tests which are used in formal assessment. These tests scrutinize and give the clinical diagnosis for the person. There are two types of these tests.
- Subjective Tests: those tests which include a personal opinion and expertise of the therapist while evaluating these tests. These tests are based upon projective techniques. According to this perspective person usually projects his/her own feelings and emotions on the given test. These tests include (Rorschach Ink Blot Test, Thematic Apperception Test. House Tree Person, Human Figure Draw, Hand Test, Word Association Test etc.).
- Objective Tests: There are some tools which require standardized methods for their interpretation. There will be no biasness of the therapist. Therapist have to follow the standardized method of interpretation. These tests include (Rotter Incomplete Sentence Blank, Beck Depression Inventory, Manifest Anxiety Disorders etc.).
- Informal assessment: Another very interesting way of assessment is informal assessment. In this technique a therapist usually make some inferences about his client while focusing on his qualities. A therapist takes notes, and judges the qualities in a client. A Therapist observes the behavior, memory, conscious, attitude towards self, growth, perception of reality, autonomy, environmental mastery and integration in informal assessment.
For a complete Psychological Assessment, please book appointment with one of our learned counselors.